Judaism claims their Talmud is a written compendium of the "Oral Torah" received by Moses, from their god — an Invisible Man in the Sky — while on Mount Sinai for his third 40 days and 40 nights trek.1 Judaism even goes so far as to assign the exact day and year that this fictitious event supposedly took place.
"Moses ascends Sinai for 3rd 40 days (1313 BCE): On the early morning of the 1st of Elul of the [Hebrew] year 2448 from creation (1313 BCE) Moses ascended Mount Sinai..."2
Judaism, afraid that after 1700+ years of passing down the "Oral" Torah person-to-person, they had to codify the "oral" stuff or it may be forgotten. Therefore they codified it twice — 100 years apart — go figure:
1. Talmud Yerushalmi: produced in Jerusalem/Palestine c400 CE; known as the Jerusalem Talmud, and later
2. Talmud Babvi: produced in Babylonia c500 CE; known as the Babylonian Talmud. This is now the recognized Talmud because it is "more comprehensive.3" By the year 1000 CE, Babylonian Jewry predominated while the land of Israel community had significantly declined.
Was the first recollection of Hebrew god's Oral Torah — Talmud Yerushalmi — incorrect? Why was another recollection needed?
The Babylonian Talmud has two parts:
Mishnah (c. 200 CE): the first written synopsis of the "Oral" Torah; and
Gemara (c. 500 CE): a written synopsis of rabbinic discussion of the Mishnah and other writings. This was not included in the 1st or Jerusalem Talmud. It often addresses other subjects and broadly comments on the entire Hebrew bible.
According to modern Judaism, the Babylonian Talmud is more comprehensive and sophisticated than the Talmud Yerushalmi. This edition is treated as "the" authoritative work partly because, by the year 1,000 CE, Babylonian Jewry had grown to be predominate while the land of Israel community had significantly declined.
When the content is actually exposed to the light of day, one can readily see the Babylonian Talmud is a multi-volume set of sickness, lunacy, misogyny, bigotry, et improbus. It has been used for over 1,500 years to keep sheeple in delusional stupors so they may be controlled, manipulated and directed to achieve conformity and unquestioned obedience.
Below is a picture of a Babylonian Talmud (Soncino Press London, edition, 27 vol. set) $755.00: