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JEWISH TIMELINES

Calendars

Cumulative

Description of Events in Jewish History

Hebrew

Gregorian

Era

Gregorian Years

 

 

 

 

 

Today's Year

5768

2008

CE

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creation of the universe in 6-days (according to Judasim)

1

1

BCE

0

Noah and the flood (according to Judaism, 17th of Cheshvan - October)

1656

2896

BCE

2896

Abraham born

1948

3188

BCE

3188

Moses (Moshe Rabeinu) received Torah at Mt Sinai (according to Judaism, the 6th of Sivan)

2448

3688

BCE

3688

King Solomon builds Temple

2935

4175

BCE

4175

Temple Destroyed

3338

4578

BCE

4578

2nd Temple  Built & also the of prophecy

3408

4648

BCE

4648

End of BCE (Before Common Era, before Jesus)

3759

4999

BCE

4999

CE (Common Era - Jesus) starts

3760

1

CE

5000

2nd Temple destroyed

3828

69

CE

5068

Start Jewish "Era of Mishna" (1st written component of Oral Torah)

3870

111

CE

5110

End "Era of Mishna"

3948

189

CE

5188

Start "Talmudic Era" (Gemara: 2nd written component of Oral Torah)

3948

189

CE

5188

Ravina II finished editing the Gemara portion of the Talmud Babylonia

4234

475

CE

5474

Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (aka Rashi) born: wrote biblical commentary

4800

1041

CE

6040

Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon (aka Maimonides) born: wrote "his" code of Jewish law - Mishneh Torah

4895

1136

CE

6135

Total Years since Creation -- According to Judaism

5768

2008

CE

7008

Talmud: The written compendium of Judaism's Oral Torah Law and Gemara. The central text of Judaism.

Judaism says there are two parts to a Talmud:

The Mishnah (c. 200 CE), the first written synopsis of the Oral Torah; and

The Gemara (c. 500 CE), a written synopsis of rabbinic discussion of the Mishnah and other writings. It often addresses other subjects and broadly comments on the entire Hebrew bible (Tanakh).

Two Talmud editions were produced:

#1  Talmud Yerushalmi: produced in Jerusalem/Palestine c400 CE and

#2  Talmud Bavli: produced in Babylonia c500 (CE).

The Babylonian Talmud is more comprehensive and sophisticated than the Talmud Yerushalmi. Judaism treats this edition as "the" authoritative work partly because, by the year 1,000 CE, Babylonian Jewry had grown to be predominate while the land of Israel community had significantly declined. Was the first recollection of God's Oral Torah Talmud Yerushalmi incorrect? Why was another recollection needed?

BCE: The years "Before the Common or Christian Era."

CE: "Common or Christian Era" (began in Rome, 525 CE) begins with year 1 of the Gregorian calendar.

Gregorian calendar: The official global standard calendar.

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