Jim Lippard


The Internal Test looks at internal consistencies and inconsistencies within the [Christian bible―New Testament] manuscript.

The New Testament fails this test. There are innumerable manuscript variants, plus logical errors and inconsistencies between different accounts of the same events.

The Skeptical Review and Ralph Nielsen each offer $1,000 (for a total of $2,000) to anyone who can produce a single consistent narrative of the resurrection appearances of Jesus as described in the four gospels, Acts and 1 Corinthians 15, without deleting any details or adding any purely speculative material. This challenge has been publicized in The Skeptical Review (one year free from P.O. Box 617, Canton, IL 61520-0617) and also in Tucson's Good News newspaper.

So far as I know, nobody has even attempted to take up the challenge.



1. Jim Lippard, Jun 8, 1993, Department of Philosophy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 [ ]